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Compliments radar

Min temperature

Anvil growth

Storm top dynamics

Equilibrium temp

Phase change


Anvil-induced boundaries

Storm morphology

Future hypotheses

Satellite-based equilibrium temperature estimations


Equilibrium level temperature (Teql) or height is useful to determine:
  • Penetration of an overshoot.

  • Estimate the parcel theta-E.

One problem here is that thunderstorms modify the local Teql in their mature stages. Model or rawinsonde derived Teql becomes useless in areas of mature thunderstorm complexes.

Fortunately, there is a simple satellite-based technique that may serve as a good estimate of Teql in the region of mature deep convection. Take the mode of the 10.7µm brightness temperatures over the anvil of the convection in question.

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